Your child will have a long way to go in understanding a microscope if he or she knows very little about its parts. A standard microscope for scientific uses comes with many parts which play different but very useful roles in accomplishing its tasks. This article is biased towards the microscope for kids because they have become very common nowadays and you will probably want to have one for your kid. The information discussed below will give a detailed account of all these parts that your child would want to learn about, their uses and how to use them.
The eyepiece lens is usually located at the topmost part of the microscope. It is through this lens that a child looks all the way through to see the specimen and the slides. Their resolution power revolves between 10x and 15x even though that will depend on the type your child is using. For kids, the resolution might be a bit lower but standard enough to allow for clear viewing of the images. The tube is one important part that connects the eyepiece lens to the objective lens. Without this, the child cannot be able to view the specimen or slides properly thus an integral part.
The arm is one of the many physical parts of a microscope and it plays two main roles. One, it connects the tube to the base and secondly, offers support to the tube. This is the part that your child will use to handle the instrument especially when carrying it from one place to another. The child must be educated on how best to handle the arm so that it does not fall off. The base is itself a part of the microscope. Its main role is to support the entire instrument and comes in handy when placing it on any surface. Make sure the base is well flattened for easy resting.
For the illuminator, it is the sole source of light for a microscope. It plays the same role as a mirror thus can be substituted accordingly. This means that a mirror can be used to reflect natural light into the stage of your microscope if the illuminator is faulty. The stage is where all the slides are placed and is a very significant internal part of the microscope. It is usually flat and comes with clips that are used for holding the slides in place. A revolving nosepiece is the part that brings together multiple objective lenses and is designed in such a way that the child can easily rotate it. Let your kid know that he or she can manipulate this part to suit personal specifications.
Another part of the microscope for kids that is important to know about is the objective lenses. They usually come in pairs of up to four in a single microscope so don’t go for anything short of that. Their power resolution capacity can go up to 100x and as low as 4x depending on the type of microscope they come with.